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Southwest University of Political Science and Law Human Rights Education and Research Center
October 10,2014   By:CSHRS

I. Overview

1. History

The Southwest University of Political Science and Law developed from the Southwest People’s Revolutionary University, which was founded in 1950. Based on the former university and the law departments of Sichuan University, Chongqing University, Guizhou University, Yunnan University and Chongqing Finance and Economics College, the Southwest College of Political Science and Law was established. In 1978, the State Council gave it permission to enroll students, designating it a national key college or university. In 1979, the college started to enroll students in pursuit of the master of law. The college was among the first group of colleges and universities in the country to offer master’s degree programs. In 1993, the college was designated by the State Council Degree Committee as a higher-learning institution that could offer doctoral degree education. In 1995, the college was renamed as the Southwest University of Political Science and Law. The university has trained a large number of excellent professionals for the country. A total of 21 alumni have been appointed national-level justices, including Chief Justice Zhou Qiang of the Supreme People’s Court, and First-degree Justice Liu Jixing, who is chief justice of the Military Court of the People’s Liberation Army. A total of 12 alumni have been appointed national prosecutors, including First-degree Prosecutor Hu Zejun, who is deputy procurator-general of the Supreme People's Procuratorate. Through its development over the past six decades, the university has become a comprehensive humanities university with a focus on legal education, together with coordinated development of various disciplines.

The university is one of the universities that has conducted human rights education and research in China, with a long history of human rights education and research as well as related experience. In the early 1990s, the older generation of legal experts, represented by Prof. Li Guozhi and Prof. Lu Yun, started research and teaching on human rights theory, providing special seminars on human rights law and training the prominent human rights theorists Zhou Wei, Du Wanhua, Zhuo Zeyuan, Fu Zitang and Zhang Yonghe.

In October 1991, Zhang Yonghe wrote a master’s thesis on human rights protection. This was one of China’s first degree theses on human rights and came before the publication of China’s first White Paper on Human Rights.

In 1991, Prof. Li Guozhi led graduate students and young teachers to systematically study human rights remarks in classic Marxist-Leninist works, participating in research and verification work at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences in connection with China’s first human rights white paper. They published Essentials of Marxist Human Rights Theory in 1992.