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Human Rights Protection in the Modernization of China’s State Governance
June 11,2015   By:CSHRS
Human Rights Protection in the Modernization of China’s State Governance
 
LI  Yunlong*
 
Abstract: In China, development of human rights is inherently included in good governance, which is reflected in the following aspects: Firstly, people participate widely in social and public-interest affairs management through exercising their democratic rights endowed by the constitution. Secondly, citizens’ fundamental human rights and other civil rights are protected by law. Thirdly, people’s rights to know and to express are expanding in China. Fourthly, the Chinese government actively responds to people’s requirements, accepting their supervisions and improving their living standard. To promote the modernization of state’s governance, China must stick to the principles of human rights protection which are supposed to guarantee people’s rights to participate in, to know and to supervise the process of decision-making, as well as to reserve the fundamental rights for the disadvantaged.
 
Keywords:  human rights protection   modernization of  state governance      rights to know and to express
 
The modernization of state governance is an organic part of China’s modernization drive, and human rights are an unavoidable factor in this process. Since the reform and opening up, China has effectively guaranteed human rights in its pursuit of modernized state governance. It is still necessary for China to follow the human rights principle in further promoting its modernization of state governance. 
 
I. The Modernization of State Governance in the Modern Era Shall Follow the Human Rights Principle
 
Literally, governance has two meanings in Chinese, rule and management. Governance is generally a practice at the state level to, especially, put chaos into order or steer a country onto its normal track. In Chinese, we have several phrases, such as “治理整顿,” “综合治理,” “治国理政,” which mean the same as “governance” here. When understood in this sense, the modernization of state governance stresses the use of modernized methods in accomplishing the mission and goal of a country, or in other words, providing safety, security and order for a social community, administering social public affairs and providing public services for all members of society. The concept of “governance” put forward by the international community in the 1990s further enriched the connotation of the modernization of governance. The World Bank defines “governance” as “the manner in which power is exercised in the management of a country’s economic and social resources for development.”1 Unlike the traditional “rule” or “government,” governance implies the process and results of authoritative decision-making for social benefit. UNDP defines governance as “the exercise of political, economic and administrative power or authority to manage a nation’s resources and affairs.”2 To govern a nation well is what we call “good governance.” Specifically, good governance refers to the social management process and activities that maximize the public interest and that can better respond to the requirements for the public management of the society, effectively meet the challenges facing the society and create even better benefits for the public. 
Chinese Dictionary:

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