Advancing Rule of Law in Human Rights Protection while Developing a “Socialist Rule of Law System with Chinese Characteristics”
June 17,2015   By:CSHRS
Advancing Rule of Law in Human Rights Protection while Developing a “Socialist Rule of Law System with Chinese Characteristics”
LUO Haocai*
It is very timely and necessary for us to hold this seminar in the beautiful Suzhou Campus of Renmin University of China to deeply study and implement the decisions of the Fourth Plenary Session of the 18th Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee, push forward the construction of China’s rule of law and jointly discuss the development of China’s human rights cause. 
The 4th Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee just concluded is a very important meeting which was held at the time when China’s goal for comprehensively building China into a comparatively well-off society enters its decisive stage; it is the first time for the CPC to hold the plenary session of the CPC Central Committee with the theme on the governance of the country according to the law, and it is a milestone in the history of New China’s legal development. The 4th Plenary Session deliberated and approved the Decisions of the CPC Central Committee on Several Major Issues for Comprehensively Pushing Forward the Governance of the Country According to the Law (the Decisions). The Decisions is the first decision dedicated to legal construction in the history the CPC and the guideline for the comprehensive promotion of law-based governance of the country under the new situation; it fully embodies CPC’s determination and courage to pursue the rule of law in the governance of the country. The Decisions, which expounds the major issues in the legal construction, is an important guide for both theoretical study and practices. It, therefore, deserves our examination and thorough understanding. 
The Decisions points out that the general goals of the governance of the country according to the law are to build the socialist legal systems with Chinese characteristics, to form the complete legal systems, highly efficient legal implementation systems, rigorous legal supervision systems and powerful legal protection systems, and to establish the complete law and regulation systems within the CPC. These wordings are more correct in expression, more profound in comprehension, richer in connotation and wider in range of coverage, meaning a further step forward in China’s legal construction comprehension.
The legal construction is after all for the people, and the core of the rule of law is to safeguard human rights. To comprehensively push forward the governance of the country according to the law, it is necessary to stick to people’s principal position, to insist on doing things for people, by relying on people, benefiting people and protecting people, to take the protection of people’s fundamental rights and benefits as the starting point and foothold and to ensure that people can enjoy comprehensive rights and freedom.
I think that strengthening the human rights protection work and pushing forward the human rights cause by centering on the socialist legal systems with Chinese characteristics are not only the focuses of our work on studying and implementing the spirits of the 4th Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, but also the main requirements of the Decisions for our human rights workers. Followings are my several understandings:
The first is to push forward the process of human rights protection system by centering on forming the complete legal systems. It is necessary to improve human rights legislative system, strengthen the legislation in such key fields as people's livelihood and social security, protect citizens’ various kinds of rights including personal rights, property rights and basic political rights from being infringed, ensure that citizens’ rights in various aspects including economic, cultural and social aspects can be implemented and achieve the overall citizen rights protection according to the law. It is important to strengthen the whole society’s consciousness of respecting and safeguarding human rights, and allow human rights to become people’s habits and the pursuit. 
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